As of April 20, 2020
A CALIFORNIA NONPROFIT MUTUAL BENEFIT CORPORATION WITHOUT MEMBERS
Section 1.1 Principal Office. The principal office of the corporation shall be located at such place in the United States, as the board of directors of the corporation (the “Board of Directors”) shall determine. The Board of Directors is granted full power and authority to change said principal office from one location to another.
Section 1.2 Other Offices. Additional offices of the corporation may be located at such place or places, within or outside the United States, as the Board of Directors may from time to time authorize.
Section 2.1 General Purposes. This corporation is a non-profit mutual benefit corporation and is not organized for gain of any person. It is organized under the California Corporations Code for educational purposes.
Section 2.2 Special Purposes. The purpose of this corporation is to provide Members and the public with information and education through programs, seminars, research data, and the GEO Website regarding the strategic, financial, cultural, legal, tax, communication and administration issues arising from and involving the use of equity and incentive-based compensation programs in the global market.
Section 2.3 Limitations.
Section 3.1 Statutory Members. This corporation shall have no statutory members within the meaning of the California Corporations Code. The Board of Directors shall exercise all rights granted to statutory members.
Section 3.2 Members. This corporation shall have a class of subscribers called “Members.” The Members shall be such individuals and entities as may be determined from time to time by the Board of Directors. The Board of Directors may establish the duration and terms and conditions for membership in the corporation, including but not limited to, payment of annual membership dues or fees.
Section 3.3 Rights of Members. Members shall have only those rights granted to them by the Board of Directors, including the ability to vote in the annual election of Directors.
Section 3.4 Termination of Membership. Membership status may be terminated by this corporation upon the occurrence of any of the following events:
Section 4.1 Powers. Subject to the provisions of the California Corporations Code, and any other applicable laws, the activities and affairs of the corporation shall be managed, all corporate powers shall be exercised, and all policies shall be developed by or under the direction of the Board of Directors. In addition to the authority granted to the Executive Director under Section 9.2 of these Bylaws, the Board of Directors may delegate the management of the day-to-day operation of the business of the corporation to officers, committees (however composed), or to other persons or entities; provided, however, that all of the activities and affairs of the corporation shall be managed and all corporate powers shall be exercised under the ultimate direction of the Board of Directors.
Section 4.2 Number of Directors; Qualifications. The authorized number of voting directors of the corporation shall be twenty-nine (29), comprised of
The exact number of directors shall be fixed from time to time by resolution adopted by the Board of Directors; provided, however that no reduction of the authorized number of directors shall have the effect of removing any director prior to the expiration of the director’s term of office. In addition, the Chair may serve as an appointed director under the limited circumstances set forth in Section 4.4, in which case the authorized number of voting directors of the corporation shall be thirty (30). The qualifications for directors are current GEO membership and interest and experience in global equity compensation programs. No more than two (2) elected individuals on the Board of Directors can represent the same organization at the time of their election or appointment; provided, however, that these individuals must have their primary workplace in different continents at the time of their election or appointment and any subsequent re-election or re-appointment, and not more than three (3) individuals on the Board of Directors (however elected or appointed) can represent the same organization at the same time, regardless of the location of their primary workplace. If, after appointment or election, an individual becomes employed by a firm represented on the Board of Directors or his or her primary workplace changes to a different continent, this shall not have the effect of removing any director prior to the expiration of the director’s term of office. In the case of two (2) individuals running for election from the same organization and located on the same continent, the individual with the highest number of votes will receive the Board of Directors seat, assuming that such individual otherwise receives a sufficient number of votes to be selected and is otherwise qualified. In the case of more than two (2) individuals running for election from the same organization and from different continents, the two (2) individuals with the highest number of votes will receive the Board of Directors seats, provided that the two (2) individuals each receive a sufficient number of votes to be selected, have their primary workplace on different continents and are otherwise qualified.
Section 4.3 Composition of the Board of Directors. The Board of Directors shall be composed of the directors of the corporation. The corporation’s attorney and any other person the Board of Directors may choose to select shall have the right to attend and participate in meetings of the Board of Directors, unless specifically excused by the Board of Directors, but shall not be treated as directors within the meaning of Section 5047 of the California Corporations Code.
Section 4.4 Term of Office; Staggered Terms.
Section 4.5 Election of Directors. Prior to the expiration of elected directors’ terms of office in July, the Members shall elect new directors, with the effectiveness of such election (including effectiveness of the end of the term of the outgoing directors) being subject to ratification by the Board of Directors. Members may vote electronically. Subject to such ratification, elected directors shall become members of the Board of Directors upon the expiration of their predecessors’ terms and shall hold office for the term specified pursuant to Section 4.4 above, or until their death, resignation or removal. The term of each of the up to four (4) directors holding a Board-appointed, non-elected position shall be decided by the Board of Directors.
Section 4.6 Vacancies.
Section 4.7 Resignations. Any director of the corporation may resign effective upon giving written notice to the Chair, the Secretary or the Board of Directors of the corporation, unless the notice specifies a later time for the effectiveness of such resignation. If the resignation specifies effectiveness at a future time, a successor may be appointed pursuant to Section 4.6 of these Bylaws, to take office on the date the resignation becomes effective.
Section 4.8 Removal. Any director may be removed from office, with or without cause, by the vote of a majority of the other directors then in office.
Section 4.9 Fees and Compensation. Directors may not receive any compensation for their services as directors, but may receive reasonable reimbursement for expenses associated with the performance of their functions as may be fixed or determined by resolution of the Board of Directors. This Section 4.9 shall not apply to the person serving as the Executive Director.
Section 5.1 Annual Meeting. The annual meeting of the Board of Directors shall be held each year on a date fixed by the Board of Directors. At the annual meeting, the Board of Directors shall review the corporation’s operations and transact other business, including, but not limited to, the election of officers and setting of the dates of regular meetings for the coming year.
Section 5.2 Regular Meetings.Other regular meetings of the Board of Directors shall be held at such times, places and dates as fixed by the Board of Directors by resolution.
Section 5.3 Special Meetings. Special meetings of the Board of Directors for any purpose may be called by the Chair, any two (2) directors, or by majority vote of the Executive Committee.
Section 5.4 Notice of Meetings. All notices of meetings shall be filed with the corporate records or made part of the minutes of the meeting.
Section 5.5 Waiver of Notice. Notice of any meeting of the Board of Directors need not be given to any director who signs
All such waivers, consents and approvals shall be filed with the corporate records or made a part of the minutes of the meeting.
Section 5.6 Place of Meetings.Meetings of the Board of Directors may be held at
Meetings conducted by telephone and similar electronic means are deemed to have been held at the principal office of the corporation.
Section 5.7 Attendance; Electronic Means. Directors may participate in Board of Directors meetings through use of conference telephone or similar communications equipment, so long as all directors participating in such meeting can hear one another. Personal attendance at all or some Board meetings may be fixed from time to time by resolution adopted by the Board of Directors.
Section 5.8 Quorum. A majority of the authorized number of directors shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business. Notwithstanding the foregoing, a quorum for the election of directors shall be satisfied by either
Every act or decision done or made by a majority of the directors present at a meeting duly held at which a quorum is present, shall be the act of the Board of Directors, unless a greater number is required by the Articles of Incorporation, these Bylaws, or by law. A meeting at which a quorum is initially present may continue to transact business, notwithstanding the withdrawal of directors, if any action taken is approved by at least a majority of the number of directors constituting a quorum for such meeting, subject to any applicable requirements for approval by a greater number or a disinterested majority. For the avoidance of doubt, all members of the Board of Directors however appointed shall have equal rights to vote at meetings of the directors.
Section 5.9 Adjournment.A majority of directors present, whether or not a quorum is present, may adjourn any meeting to another time and place. If the meeting is adjourned for more than twenty-four (24) hours, notice of any adjournment to another time and place shall be given prior to the time of the adjourned meeting is recommenced to the directors who were not present at the time of the adjournment. The required notice may be given in person, by telephone, telegraph, telex, facsimile or email.
Section 5.10 Procedure.The Chair shall preside at every meeting of the Board of Directors, if present. If there is no Chair, or if the Chair is not present, the Vice Chair shall preside in his or her stead and, if there is no Vice Chair, or if the Vice Chair is not present, a director chosen by a majority of the directors present shall act as chair of the meeting. The Secretary of the corporation or, in the absence of the Secretary or a Vice Secretary, any person appointed by the Chair shall act as secretary of the meeting. The Board of Directors may adopt rules of order and procedure that are not inconsistent with these Bylaws or the California Corporations Code to govern the decision making process at meetings.
Section 5.11 Action by Written Consent Without a Meeting. Any action required or permitted to be taken by the Board of Directors may be taken without a meeting, if all directors individually or collectively consent in writing to such action. Such written consent or consents shall be filed with the minutes of the proceedings of the Board of Directors. Such action by written consent shall have the same force and effect as a unanimous vote of such directors.
Section 6.1 Establishment. The Board of Directors may, by resolution adopted by a majority of directors, provided a quorum is present, establish such standing and special committees as deemed necessary. The Board of Directors shall establish the functions of any committee created and such committees shall operate under the general supervision of the Board of Directors.
Section 6.2 Membership and Chairs.Committee chairs and assignments shall be appointed by a majority vote of the directors, provided a quorum is present. The Executive Director shall be a member of each standing or special committee, except as the Board may otherwise expressly provide by resolution.
Section 6.3 Executive Committee. The Board of Directors shall establish an “Executive Committee” to perform the functions of the Board of Directors between meetings of the Board of Directors. The Executive Committee shall report to the Board of Directors as to decisions it has made and actions it has taken.
Section 6.4 Advisory Committees. The Board of Directors may, by resolution, establish one or more short-term or long-term advisory committees consisting of persons, without regard to if such persons are Members, who have some expertise or influence that could aid the corporation in the achievement of its goals. Each advisory committee membership shall have at least one (1) director as a member.
Section 6.5 Meetings and Actions of Committees. The time for regular meetings of committees may be determined either by resolution of the Board of Directors, or by resolution of the committee. In addition, committees may hold special meetings. The Board of Directors may adopt rules for the operation of any committee that are not inconsistent with the provisions of these Bylaws.
Section 7.1 Officers. The officers of the corporation shall consist of the Chair, President, Treasurer, Vice Chair, Secretary, and Ad Hoc Member, and such other officers with such titles and duties as the Board of Directors may determine.
Section 7.2 Election and Appointment. All officers shall be elected and appointed by the Board of Directors; provided, however, that the Board of Directors may empower the Chair to appoint officers, other than the Chair, President, Secretary, Treasurer or Chair Emeritus, as the activities of the corporation may require. All officers shall serve at the pleasure of the Board of Directors, subject to the rights, if any, of an officer under a contract of employment. Officers may be appointed to consecutive terms.
Section 7.3 Term of Office. All officers of the corporation shall hold office until successors to such officers are elected and qualified.
Section 7.4 Inability to Act. In the case of absence or inability to act of any officer of the corporation, or of any person authorized by these Bylaws to act in such officer’s place, the Board of Directors may from time to time delegate the powers or duties of such officer to any other officer, or any director or other person whom it may select, for such period of time as the Board of Directors deems necessary.
Section 7.5 Resignations. Any officer may resign at any time upon written notice to the corporation, without prejudice to the rights, if any, of the corporation under any contract to which such officer is a party. Such resignation shall be effective upon its receipt by the Chair, the Secretary, or the Board of Directors, unless a different time is specified in the notice for effectiveness of such resignation. The acceptance of any such resignation shall not be necessary to make it effective, unless otherwise specified in such notice.
Section 7.6 Removal. Except as provided in these Bylaws, any officer may be removed from office at any time, with or without cause, but subject to the rights, if any, of such officer under any contract of employment, by the Board of Directors or by any committee to whom such power of removal has been duly delegated.
Section 7.7 Vacancies. The Board of Directors may fill a vacancy occurring in any office for any reason, in the manner prescribed by this article of the Bylaws for initial appointment to such office.
Section 8.1 Chair. The Chair shall act as the Chair of the Board of Directors and preside at all meetings of the Board of Directors and perform all duties commonly incident to that office, as may be assigned from time to time by the Board of Directors, or prescribed by these Bylaws.
Section 8.2 Vice Chair. The Vice Chair shall assume and perform the duties of the Chair in the absence or disability of the Chair, or whenever the office of the Chair is vacant. The Vice Chair shall have such titles, perform such other duties, and have such other powers as the Board of Directors or the Chair shall designate from time to time.
Section 8.3 Secretary. The Secretary shall:
Section 8.4 Assistant Secretary. If any Assistant Secretary is appointed, the Chair may direct the Assistant Secretary to assume and perform the duties of the Secretary in the absence or disability of the Secretary, and the Assistant Secretary shall perform such other duties and have such other powers as the Board of Directors or the Chair shall designate from time to time.
Section 8.5 Treasurer. The Treasurer shall act as the Chief Financial Officer of the corporation and:
Section 8.6 Assistant Treasurer. If an assistant treasurer is appointed, the Chair may direct the assistant treasurer to assume and perform the duties of the treasurer in the absence or disability of the treasurer, and the assistant treasurer shall perform such other duties and have such other powers as the Board of Directors or the Chair shall designate from time to time.
Section 8.7 Compensation. The compensation of the officers, if any, shall be fixed from time to time by the Board of Directors. No officer shall be prevented from receiving such compensation by reason of the fact that such officer is also a director of the corporation.
Section 9.1 Staff. The Board of Directors may hire staff for the corporation, or authorize one or more officers to hire staff for the corporation, that may consist of an Executive Director and other such persons as deemed necessary for the operation of the corporation. The Board of Directors may also choose to contract for any or all staff or other functions with outside businesses, which authority may also be exercised by the President and such other officers as may be determined by the Board of Directors as described further in Article X.
Section 9.2 Executive Director.The Executive Director shall have the overall responsibility for the successful performance of all phases of the corporation, be supervised by and report directly to and serve at the pleasure of the Board of Directors and directly supervise or direct the supervision of all staff and all contracts entered into by the corporation.
Section 10.1 Execution of Contracts and Other Instruments. Except as these Bylaws may otherwise provide, the Board of Directors, or its duly authorized and appointed committee, may authorize any officer or officers, or other agent or agents, to enter into any contract or execute and deliver any instrument in the name of and on behalf of the corporation, and such authorization may be general or confined to specific instances. No person shall be authorized to enter into a contract in the name of and on behalf of the corporation in the amount of Two Hundred Fifty Thousand United States Dollars ($250,000) or more without the prior notification and approval of the Chair and the Treasurer. The dollar amount may be changed by the Board of Directors from time to time. Except as so authorized, or otherwise expressly provided in these Bylaws, no officer, agent or employee shall have any power or authority to bind the corporation by any contract or engagement, apply for credit on its behalf, or to pledge its credit, or to render it liable for any purpose or in any amount.
Section 10.2 Loans. No loans shall be contracted on behalf of the corporation and no negotiable paper shall be issued in its name, unless and except as authorized by the Board of Directors or its duly appointed and authorized committee. When so authorized by the Board of Directors, or such committee, the Executive Director, or any officer or other agent of the corporation, may effect loans and advances at any time for the corporation from any bank, trust company or other institution, or from any firm, corporation or individual, and for such loans and advances may make, execute and deliver promissory notes, bonds or other evidence of indebtedness of the corporation and, when authorized by the Board of Directors, or its duly appointed and authorized committee, may mortgage, pledge, hypothecate or transfer any and all stocks, securities and other property, real or personal, at any time held by the corporation, and to that end, endorse, assign and deliver the same as security for payment of any and all loans, advances, indebtedness and liabilities of the corporation. Such authorization may be general or confined to specific instances. Except as provided by Section 7235 of the California Corporations Code, this corporation shall not make any loan of money or property to, or guarantee the obligation of any officer or director.
Section 10.3 Bank Accounts. The Board of Directors, or its duly appointed and authorized committee, from time to time may authorize the opening and keeping of general and/or special bank accounts with such banks, trust companies or other depositories as may be selected by the Board of Directors, its duly appointed and authorized committee or by the affairs of the corporation, subject to the supervision and control of the Board of Directors and the Executive Committee. The Executive Director may sign and execute, in the name of the corporation, any instrument authorized by the Board of Directors, except when the signing and execution thereof shall have been expressly delegated by the Board of Directors, or by these Bylaws, to some other officer or agent of the corporation. The Executive Director shall have all the general powers and duties of management usually vested in the chief executive officer of a corporation, and shall have such other powers and duties as may be prescribed from time to time by the Board of Directors or these Bylaws. The Executive Director shall have discretion to prescribe the duties of other employees of the corporation in a manner not inconsistent with the provisions of these Bylaws and the directions of the Board of Directors.
Section 11.1 Indemnification. To the fullest extent not prohibited by law, the corporation shall indemnify its directors, officers, employees, agents and other persons described in Section 7237(a) of the California Corporations Code, including persons formerly occupying any such positions, against all expenses, judgments, fines, settlements, and other amounts actually and reasonably incurred by them in connection with any “proceeding,” as that term is used in Section 7237(a), and including an action by or in the right of the corporation, by reason of the fact that the person is or was a person described in that Section. “Expenses” as used in this Bylaw, shall have the same meaning as in Section 7237(a).
Section 11.2 Procedure. On written request by any person seeking indemnification under Corporations Code Section 7237, the Board of Directors shall promptly decide under Corporations Code Section 7237(e) whether the applicable standard of conduct set forth in Corporations Code Section 7237(b) or Section 7237(c) has been met, and if so, the Board of Directors shall authorize indemnification by a majority vote of a quorum consisting of directors who are not parties to such proceedings.
Section 11.3 Advancement of Expenses. To the fullest extent not prohibited by law, and except as otherwise determined by the Board of Directors in a specific instance, the corporation shall advance expenses incurred by a person seeking indemnification in defending any proceeding as that term is defined in Section 7237(a) of the California Corporations Code before final disposition of that proceeding upon the receipt by the corporation of an undertaking by or on behalf of that person that the advance will be repaid unless it is ultimately determined that the person is entitled to be indemnified by the corporation for those expenses.
Section 11.4 Insurance. The corporation shall have the power to purchase and maintain insurance up to the fullest extent permitted by law on behalf of its officers, directors, employees and other agents, to cover any liability asserted against or incurred by any officers, director, employee, or agent in such capacity or arising from the officer’s, director’s, employee’s, or agent’s status as such.
Section 12.1 Fiscal Year. Unless otherwise fixed by resolution of the Board of Directors, the fiscal year of the corporation shall commence on January 1st and end on December 31 of the same calendar year.
Section 12.2 Director Inspection Rights. Every director shall have the absolute right at any reasonable time to inspect and copy all books, records and documents of every kind of the corporation and any of its subsidiaries and to inspect the physical properties of the corporation and any of its subsidiaries. Such inspection may be made by the director in person or by agent or attorney, and the right of inspection includes the right to copy and make extracts.
Section 12.3 Bylaw Amendments. Except as otherwise provided by law, these Bylaws may be amended or repealed and new Bylaws may be adopted by resolution of the Board of Directors.
Section 12.4 Time Notice Is Given or Sent. Whenever any notice is given or sent pursuant to these Bylaws, the time such notice is deemed to have been given or sent shall be determined by reference to Section 5015 of the California Corporations Code.
Section 12.5 Methods of Giving Notice. Unless otherwise specified, any notice required by these Bylaws or California corporate law, may be given, orally in person or using the telephone, or in writing by first class mail, facsimile, telegraph, telex or email.
Section 12.6 Construction and Definition. Unless the context requires otherwise, the general provisions, rules of construction and definitions contained in the California Corporations Code shall govern the construction of these Bylaws. Without limiting the foregoing, “shall” is mandatory and “may” is permissive.
Section 12.7 Annual Reports. The corporation shall supply such information and make such returns and reports to the Secretary of State of the State of California and to such other persons, bodies or authorities as may from time to time be required by law.